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Glossary - G


G/A

See General Average.

Gang

A number of workmen acting together especially for loading and/or discharging operations of a vessel in combination with the necessary gear (on a vessel for instance 6 gangs can be ordered to discharge or load).

Gangway

Bridge laid from an opening in the railing or side of a vessel to the shore or to a platform with the purpose of giving access to and from the vessel.

Gantry Crane

A crane or hoisting machine mounted on a frame or structure spanning an intervening space, which often travels on rails.

Gas

Gas or vapour having a vapour pressure greater than 3 bar absulute at 50C or as otherwise defined by the competent authorities.

Gateway

1) A point at which cargo is interchanged between carriers or modes of transport.
2) A means of access, an entry.

G.A.T.T.

See General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.

G.C.R.

See General Cargo Rate and General Commodity Rate.

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Abbreviation: G.A.T.T.

Major international agreement between many nations all over the world.

General Average

Abbreviation: G/A.

Intentional act or sacrifice which is carried out to prevent the total loss of a vessel.When a vessel is in danger of total loss, the master has the right to sacrifice property and/or to incur reasonable expenditure to prevent the total loss. Measures taken for the sole benefit of any particular interest are not considered general average.

General Average Act (York-Antwerp Rules)

There is a general average act when, and only when any extraordinary sacrifice or expenditure is intentionally and reasonably made or incurred for the common safety fot the purpose of preserving from peril the property involved in a common maritime adventure.

General Average Statement

This shows in detail the contribution of each interest in the general average in proportion to its value.

General Cargo

1) Cargo consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags or bales, often palletized, but not in shipping containers. General cargo can be shipped either in breakbulk or containerized.
2) Any consignment other than a consignment containing valuable cargo and charged for transport at general cargo rates (aircargo).

General Cargo Container

This is a general term applicable to any type of container which is not intended for use in air mode transport and which is not primarily intended for the carriage of a particular category of cargo such as a cargo requiring temperature control, a liquid or gas cargo, dry solids in bulk or cargoes such as automobiles (cars) or livestock.

General Cargo Rate

Abbreviation: G.C.R.

Also: General Commodity Rate. The rate for the carriage of cargo other than a class rate or specific commodity rate (aircargo).

General Commodity Rate

See General Cargo Rate.

General Purpose Container

(See ISO 1496/1): Freight container, totally enclosed and weather proof, having a rigid roof, rigid side walls, rigid end walls and a floor, having at least one of its end walls equipped with doors and intended to be suitable for the transport of cargo of the greatest possible variety. The simplest form or this type of container is given the type code 00. A general purpose container having an opening roof may be used for the same specific purposes as an open top container. Such a container is given type code 03.

Gen-set

Motor generator set as power source for e.g. thermal containers.

Germanischer Lloyd

German classification society.

Godown

A warehouse or cargo shed. This term is often used in the Far East.

Goods

1) Common term indicating movable property, merchandise or wares.
2) All materials which can be used to satisfy demands.
3) Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment supplied by the shipper.

Goods Control Certificate

Document issued by a competent body evidencing the quality of goods described therein, in accordance with national or international standards, or conforming to legislation in the importing country, or as specified in the contract.

Goods Receipt

Document issued by a port, warehouse, shed or terminal operator acknowledging receipt of goods specified therin on conditions stated or referred to in the document.

Gooseneck

1) Gooseneck shaped front end of a trailer or chassis
2) Recess front bottom of a container to reduce the total height of the chassis plus container.

Gooseneck Tunnel

Recess at one end (commonly the "front" end) of the container designed to accommodate the raised portion of a goosenecked chassis. In certain types of containers, gooseneck tunnels are fitted at each end.

Grappler Arm Lifting Areas

Recesses in the bottom side rails of a container having specified features to permit the use of grappler arms for lifting and carrying the container.

Grid Number

An indication of the position of a container in a bay plan by means of a combination of page number, column and line. The page number often represents the bay number.

Gross Tonnage

The measure of the overall size of a vessel determined in accordance with the provisions of the international convention on measurement of vessels.

Gross Weight

1) Weight (mass) of goods including packing, but excluding the carrier's equipment expressed in whole kilograms.
2) The weight of a shipment including materials necessary for blocking etc. (aircargo).

Groupage

The collection of several small consignments and the formation of one large shipment thereof (roadcargo).

Groupage Centre

A location where groupage takes place (roadcargo).
1) An estimation or calculation in advance: a prediction
2) The amount of cargo expected to be booked for a certain sailing of a vessel
3) The number of containers expected to be used in a certain area, for steering purposes.