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Glossary - R

Rail Car

A wheeled wagon used for the carriage of cargo by rail.

Rail Consignment Note

A document evidencing a contract for the transport of goods by rail.


1) An artificial inclined path, road or trach along which wheeled vehicles, cargo and trailers may pass for the purpose of changing their elevation and facilitating the loading and unloading operation. E.g. An entrance way into a Roll-on-Roll-off vessel.
2) For aircargo see Platform.

Ramp Handling

See Platform Handling.


1) The price of a transport service.
2) Quantity, amount or degree measured or applied.

Rate of Calculation

A factor for the calculation of an amount.

Rate of Turn

The figure indicating the speed of a change of course of a means of transport expressed in degrees per minute.

Rate Proration

Proration on the basis of the applicable local rates (aircargo).


A class to which an article is assigned.

Ratings and Masses

The term "weight" is still widely (but incorrectly) used instead of the form "mass".

Rating (R) This is the maximum oermissible combined mass of the container and its contents, i.e. the maximum operating gross mass. Ratings are given in ISO 668.

Tare Mass (T) Mass of empty container including all fittings and appliances associated with a particular type of container in its normal operating condition, i.e. in the case of a mechanically refrigerated container: with its refrigeration equipment installed and, where appropriate, full of fuel. The term "tare" is synonymous with the term "tare mass" and the more commonly (but incorrectly) used term "tare weight".

Payload (P) Maximum permitted mass of payload (including such cargo securement arrangements and/or dunnage as are not associated with the container in its normal operating condition), determined by subtracting tare mass (T) from rating (R).


That part of a transport charge which the carrier agrees to return.


A written acknowlegdement, that something has been received.

Receiving Carrier

The carrier receiving a consignment on behalf of a carrier, agent or shipper for onward transport (aircargo).


All activities connected with restoring and or adjusting the packaging of a product. In such manner that it can be presented to the customer in the requested form.

Reconditioning of Garments

The act or process of bringing garments after transport in shop s condition.


1) Return of a shipment to the party who originally deliverd it to the carrier (aircargo).
2) Return of a charter vessel to the owners.

Reefer Cargo

Cargo requiring temperature control.

Reefer Container

A thermal container with refrigerating appliances (mechanical compressor unit, absorption unit etc.) to control the temperature of cargo.

Reforwarding Charge

Charges paid or to be paid for subsequent surface or air transport from the airport of destination by a forwarder, but not by a carrier under the Air Waybill (aircargo).

Refrigerated Container (expendable refrigerent)

Thermal container using a means of cooling, such as ice, or dry ice, with or without sublimation control, or, liquefied gases, with or without evaporation control. It is implicit in this definition that such a container requires no external power supply or fuel supply. Containers of this type have type code 30.

Refrigerated and Heated Container

Thermal container served by refrigerating appliance (mechanical or expendable refrigerant) and heat producing appliance. Containers of this type have type code 32.


The repayment to the purchaser of the total charge or a portion of that charge for unused carriage.


Specified geographical area for operational purposes.


The process of splitting up shipments into various consignments (degroupage) and combining these small consignments into other shipments (groupage).


The procedure whereby goods shipped directly from a supplier to the customer are invoiced in two stages: at first by the supplier to an intermediary and subsequently by the intermediary to the customer.


Non.acceptance of e.g. cargo.

Reliability of Delivery

The reliability of a supplier concerning the agreed terms of delivery with regard to the quality, quantity, delivery time, conditions and price.

Removable equipment

Refrigerating and/or heating appliance which is designed primarily for attaching to or detaching grom the (therman) container when tranferring between different modes of transportation.


Completion of stock.


The route to be followed as altered form the one originally specified in the Air Waybill (aircargo).


Allotment in advance of space or weight capacity. Also referred to as "booking" (aircargo).

Reserve Inventory

See Safety Stock.

Responsible Carrier

Carrier responsible for the tranport of goods as indicated in the transport document (aircargo). Synonym: Principal Carrier.

Restraint Capability

Ability of the container to withstand those longitudinal accelerations which may be encountered in service when a container is secured by features in its base structure to an item of transport equipment.


Goods returned to their place of acceptance.


Ability of a container to withstand either transverse or longitudinal racking loads of stated amounts, resulting particularly from ship movement.

Roll Trailer

Special trailer for terminal haulage and stowage on board of Roll-on Roll-off vessels. Also referred to as Mafi Trailer.

Rolling Resistance

The total fritional force that a tire, a set of tires or all the tires on a vehicle is developing with the road.

Roll-on Roll-off

Abbreviation: RoRo.

System of loading and discharging a vessel whereby the cargo is driven on and off by means of a ramp.


Rigid weatherproof structural assembly forming the top closure of a container, bounded and supported by the top end transverse members and the top side rails. Although rigid assemblies, roofs may in some cases be removable.

Roof Bows

Members mounted transversely across the top of a container and either forming part of a rigid roof structure or supporting flexible, removable covers, in which case the members are commonly removable, or so designed as to slide to acilitate the loading of cargo through the top of the container.


See Roll-on Roll-off.


Sequence in which a vessel calls at the ports on her itinerary.

Round Trip

A voyage, a journey etc. to a certain place, port or country and back again.


The track along which goods are (to be) transported.


1) The route te be followed as originally specified in the Air Waybill (aircargo).
2) The process of determining how a shipment will be moved between consignor and consignee or between place of acceptance by the carrier and place of delivery to the consignee.
3) The process of aiding a vessel's navigation to supplying long range weather forecasts and indicating the most economic and save sailing route.


A vertical division of a vessel from starboard to portside, used as a part of the indication of a stowage place for containers. The numbers run from midships to both sides.

Rush Baggage

See Expedite Baggage.